Mwale Symposium 2020: New Insights in Sediment-Hosted Copper

Mwale Symposium 2020: New Insights in Sediment-Hosted Copper

This event occurred August 17 - September 14 2020, but is being made available for purchase to view in its archived state. This includes pre-recorded talks and PDF slide decks, as well as recorded live panel discussions.

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Join us for this SEG-hosted virtual symposium to examine state-of-the-art research and exploration methods about sediment-hosted copper as well as to celebrate the life of an extraordinary Copperbelt explorer and educator, James Mwale.

James and FlorenceJames Mwale was born on December 24, 1968, in Livingstone, Zambia, and was educated at Mpelembe Secondary School in Kitwe. He received his B.Sc. degree in geology from the Royal School of Mines (Imperial College, London) in the early 1990s under a Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines (ZCCM) scholarship. He always laughed, saying that geology was chosen for him by the scholarship board and he turned up in London with no idea what it was about.

James's early career was spent working in the heart of the Zambian Copperbelt at Nchanga open pit for ZCCM during the time of state ownership.

In July 1997, James joined Cyprus Amax Zambia Corporation as geologist and was seconded to Cyprus Amax Kansanshi Plc to work on a major drilling and feasibility evaluation program at Kansanshi in the Solwezi district. It was in this period as a member of a talented international team that James developed his strong geological observation and interpretation skills. He began to appreciate the importance of high-quality geology in understanding these complexly deformed and sometimes enigmatic copper deposits. Over the next 20 years, James remained dedicated to the growth and understanding of this wonderful ore system, seeing it develop from a modest early resource to become the largest copper mine in Africa, with an endowment of over 20 Mt contained Cu.

Following the purchase of Cyprus Amax by Phelps Dodge in 1999, James worked for Avmin Exploration based out of Kitwe. His important contribution here was his work delineating the previously known Mwambashi B deposit on the west limb on the Chambishi Basin. Mwambashi B became an early focus of study during the AMIRA research program owing to its discrete size and clear relationship between basement architecture and copper mineralization.

James used his strong training and understanding on the Copperbelt deposits to forge ahead with his ambition to make new discoveries. He joined First Quantum Minerals as Senior Exploration Geologist in June 2003 and led the exploration of the extensive Mwinilunga land position in partnership with BHP. Following the discovery of the Kashime deposit in 2004, he headed up the successful resource development program. James went on to lead First Quantum's exploration in Zambia and was responsible for the discovery of the South East Dome a few kilometers from Kansanshi. It was James's personal intuition and regard for detail that led to this discovery in an area previously passed over by several other explorers.

In addition and throughout his career, James was dedicated to the training, mentoring, and motivation of a large number of young Zambian and expatriate geologists. His firm but nurturing nature and dedication to quality of observation combined with a remarkable ability to see "the big picture" enabled James to inspire an entire generation of young (and some old!) geologists to develop their skills and interpretive abilities. James was known for seizing the moment and it was common for him to print a geological section even at the end of a working day – for group discussion, with the notion, "do not leave till tomorrow what you can do today." He often likened his team to a Zambian football team called "The Mighty Mufulira Wanderers", which was known for seizing a win in the dying moments of a match. He would always say, "We are Mighty," a phrase that is echoed by his team even today. James maintained a strong involvement with universities and economic geology researchers from all over the world that were contributing to the geological understanding of Zambia and its great copper deposits. This involved many mine studies, field excursions, and extensive traverses to unravel the structure of lesser-known parts of the Copperbelt.

The Central African Copperbelt has lost one of its greatest champions and personalities, far too early. But James's ambition to provide the highest quality of education for young geologists and to see the Zambian Copperbelt "properly mapped" will continue in his name through the James Mwale Fund.

James is survived by his wife, Florence, and their children, Michael and Annette.

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About the Symposium

This virtual symposium aims to be one of the most important meetings on the Copperbelt and other sediment-hosted copper provinces around the globe. Participants will have the opportunity to interact with more than 30 specialists in the field, over a 4-part series of thematic Q&A webinars, each preceded by a series of recorded presentations.

Pre-recorded presentations will be released to registrants about one week before each session's live panel discussion. The interactive panel discussion will run for ~2 hours, according to the schedules below. Questions to the panelist can be submitted up to 2 days before each live panel presentation (preferred) or during the live event. Times for each panel discussion varies to accommodate the majority of timezones at least once. Panel discussions will be recorded and made available to registrants. Zoom and Vimeo will be used; please check compatibility with your country.


Creation of a Fund

Registration fees for the virtual symposium will support the creation of the James Mwale Education Fund to advance the education of early-career geoscientists in southern Africa. James was a pioneering Zambian geologist, a powerful personality dedicated to exploring and understanding Copperbelt ores. He instilled in his and the next generation of geologists the qualities of a robust, disciplined, scientific approach to exploration, delivered with wit and humor. The fund will ensure that these qualities endure in a bright African future.

Symposium Sessions

Session 1: Advances in Our Understanding of the Central African Copperbelt: Basin Evolution, Setting, and Character of the Zambian Deposits

Live Panel Discussion: Monday, August 24, 2020 @ 9:00 (UTC) Time Zone Converter

Title Presenter
Talk 1: Advances in the Understanding of the Katangan Basin Robert Kaemba, Munshya Zimba, and Bubile Nkhata
Talk 2: Sequence Stratigraphy of the Roan Group Jon Woodhead
Talk 3: Undercover Extension of the Domes Region in NW Zambia, Observations and Comparisons with the Copperbelt Chilekwa Mwango
Talk 4: Salty Structures and Mineralisation in the Central African Copperbelt: A Slice of Zambian Geology Dave Wood
Talk 5: When did the Sentinel Deposit Form and Why is It Important? Janharm Godfroid
Talk 6: Enterprise: A Nickel End-Member in a Sediment Hosted Copperbelt Patricia Capsitrant and Tim Ireland
Talk 7: Geochemical Anatomy of Kansanshi Scott Halley
Talk 8: Stratigraphy and Structural Geology of the Kansanshi Cu-Au Deposit, Northwestern Province, Zambia Tim MacIntyre
Talk 9: Geodynamic Model of the Kansanshi Cu-Au System Mike Daly and Nick Tosca
Talk 10: Geology of the Frontier Deposit: Implications for Exploration Wiscort Banda
Talk 11: Structural Framework and Controls on Mineralisation at the Konkola Deposit and in the Chambishi-Nkana Basin, Zambia Koen Torremans
Talk 12: Lubambe (Konkola North): Deep Exploration at the Lubambe Extension Jon Stacey

Session 2: Advances in Our Understanding of Deposits of the Congolese Arc

Live Panel Discussion: Monday, August 31, 2020 @ 14:00 (UTC) Time Zone Converter

Title Presenter
Talk 1: Roles of Evaporites in the Structural and Hydrologic Evolution of the Katangan Basin David Selley
Talk 2: Halokinetic Breccia Within the Kalukundi Diapir at the Mashitu Mine, Katanga DRC Grainne Byrne
Talk 3: Lithostratigraphic and Structural Controls on Sulphide Mineralisation at the Kamoa Copper Deposit, DRC Franck Twite
Talk 4: Provenance of the Cryogenian Mwale Formation, Host of the Kamoa-Kakula Cu-deposits, DRC Elizabeth Turner
Talk 5: Geology of Kakanda, DRC Helen Twigg
Talk 6: Ore-Hosting Kamoa-Kakula Diamictite Matrix (DRC) Exhibits Two-Stage Cu Mineralisation Elizabeth Turner
Talk 7: Geology, Geophysics and Geochemical Signature of Kapulo, DRC: Exploration Targeting in NE Margin of Katangan Basin Wojciech Zukowski and Tim Ireland
Talk 8: Mineralogy and Structural Control of the Cu-Co Mineralisation at the Kamalondo Deposit (Tenke Fungurume, DRC) Pascal Mambwe
Talk 9: Geology of the Kipushi Deposit Tim Brooks
Talk 10: Relationship Between Carbonate Lithofacies and Zn-Cu Distribution at Kipushi (DRC) Elizabeth Turner
Talk 11: Supergene Cu-Co Ore in the Katanga Copperbelt (DRC): Formation, Age, Exploitation Thierry De Putter

Session 3: Understanding Basins Better (Part I): Fluid Origins and Evolution/Deposits in Other Basins

Live Panel Discussion: Monday, September 7, 2020 @ 15:00 (UTC) Time Zone Converter

Title Presenter
Talk 1: Common Fluid Origins of Pb-Zn-Cu-U Systems Poul Emsbo
Talk 2: The Role of Cu- and Co-Rich Potassic Brines in Zambian Copperbelt Mineralisation James Davey
Talk 3: Implications of Fluid Inclusion Studies for the Katangan Basin Munshya Zimba
Talk 4: The Critical Roles of Segmentation and Paleo-Geography in Evaluating Rift Prospectivity Jeff Mauk
Talk 5: Fault-Driven Fluid Flow in Sedimentary Basins John Walsh
Talk 6: The White Pine Deposit: Understanding the Fluid Flow Regime in the Context of the Midcontinent Rift System Simon Jones
Talk 7: Dzhezkazghan and Associated Sandstone Copper Deposits of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan Stephen Box
Talk 8: Lessons From the Paradox: Basin Brines and Sandstone-Hosted Copper deposits, Paradox Basin, USA Jon Thorson
Talk 9: Regional- to Deposit-Scale Geologic Controls on Cu-Ag Mineralisation in the Kalahari Copperbelt, Botswana Wesley Hall
Talk 10: Ore Forming Fluids at the Coates Lake SSC Deposit, Redstone, NWT, Canada Jack Milton

Session 4: Understanding Basins Better (Part II): Exploration in the Copperbelt and Beyond

Live Panel Discussion: Monday, September 14, 2020 @ 9:00 (UTC) Time Zone Converter

Title Presenter
Talk 1: What Can we Learn From the Unconformity-Related U Deposits of the Athabasca Basin when Exploring for Sedimentary-Hosted Cu Deposits? Jonathon Cloutier and Steve Beyer
Talk 2: SSCs in the Adelaide Fold Belt and Stuart Shelf: Comparisons with the CACB Stuart Bull
Talk 3: Mt Isa Cu vs Nifty: Isotopic Compositions of Fluids Shaun Barker
Talk 4: Precambrian Atmosphere Oxygen and Sediment Hosted Copper Ross Large
Talk 5: Geophysics: Looking for Graphite and Granite to Find Copper Chris Wijns
Talk 6: Hydrogeochemistry - A Potential Tool for Exploring Cu Basins James Kidder
Talk 7: Global Basin Selection for Sediment Hosted Cu Systems Cam McCuaig
Talk 8: Taking Copperbelt Thinking to Other Basins? Tom Wesby
Talk 9: Why is it So Hard to Use Our Current Model to Target Sediment-Hosted Cu Deposits? Will Leonard
Talk 10: Lessons Learned From the Mwale Symposium 2020: Where to Now? David Selley and Murray Hitzman

Bonus Material

Registrants will be provided with a self-administered tutorial on geochemical analysis of 4 acid digest ICP data from sedimentary rocks using ioGAS. The tutorial is designed by Scott Halley (Minmap), using data from the Kansanshi Cu-Au deposit, Zambia (kindly supplied by First Quantum Minerals).

The data pack can be accessed from Scott Halley's presentation in Session 1 of the symposium

Bonus Material

Symposium Team

Deanne Rider, Symposium Coordinator
Jeff Doyle, SEG Website/IT Coordinator
Shaun Barker, Symposium Logistics
Mike Venter, Student Program, Africa
Anne Thompson, Marketing and Social Media
Dave Broughton, Mike Christie, and Murray Hitzman, David Selley, Technical Program Design

Registration Instructions

This event occurred August 17 - September 14 2020, but is being made available for purchase to view in its archived state. This includes pre-recorded talks and PDF slide decks, as well as recorded live panel discussions.

  1. Sign in or create a non-member account at the bottom of this page,
  2. Once signed in, click the "Register Myself" button below,
  3. Select a registration option,
  4. Optionally, add an additional contribution to the fund,*
  5. Click the "Proceed to Checkout" button to complete your registration.
  6. Within 24 hours you will receive an email containing instructions on how to access the archived content.
  7. All videos are hosted on Vimeo and embedded on the SEG website (the only place they may be viewed). Please confirm that Vimeo is available in your country.

*You may include an additional contribution up to US$2,000. For higher amounts, or alternative ways to contribute, contact Nikki Morisson, SEG Marketing and Fundraising Coordinator, at

For technical support, or if you can't access your account, contact Jeff Doyle at

8/17/2020 - 9/14/2021
Virtual Event (Archived)
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Your additional contribution of US$10.00 will support the creation of the James Mwale Education Fund.

Your additional contribution of US$25.00 will support the creation of the James Mwale Education Fund.

Your additional contribution of US$50.00 will support the creation of the James Mwale Education Fund.

Your additional contribution of US$100.00 will support the creation of the James Mwale Education Fund. You may adjust the quantity as high as 20 to increase your contribution up US$2,000.00.


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